Located between the North Shore of Lake Superior and the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, the Arrowhead Region is Minnesota's most loved recreation area and a place that millions visit for rejuvenation. This region faces an unprecedented industrial expansion that is certain to affect the qualities that draw people here. One of the worst threats from this expansion is from the mining of sulfide ores, a particularly harmful type of mining that has not been conducted in Minnesota before. PolyMet Mining's NorthMet Mine, located between Babbitt and Hoyt Lakes, is the first of what may become many sulfide mine proposals. Found HERE
Acid Mine Drainage, PA-DEP
Sulfide ores are ores containing heavy metals (such as copper or nickel) that are bonded to sulfur, forming sulfide minerals. When exposed to air and moisture, a chemical reaction generates sulfuric acid that can leach into the surrounding environment and cause the release of the metals into streams and lakes at levels that are toxic to fish and other aquatic life. (See Video) This phenomenon is known as Acid Mine Drainage. In a surface mine like the one proposed by PolyMet, mining leaves huge piles of waste rock and a huge pit exposed to the elements. Like the ore that has been removed, the waste rock and the pit walls contain sulfide minerals. The potential for Acid Mine Drainage and for contamination of surface and ground water by heavy metals remains for centuries, and even millennia, into the future.
Click image - Explore Minnesota: Minerals MN Has Excellent Mineral Potential
Acid Mine Drainage has already polluted more than 12,000 miles of rivers and streams and over 180,000 acres of lakes and impoundments in the United States. According to the U.S. EPA, acid mine drainage from coal mining is the leading source of water pollution in the Mid-Atlantic States. Acid Mine Drainage from metal mines in Western states has caused some of the country's largest and most contaminated Superfund sites. Mining companies argue that modern mining methods can protect against Acid Mine Drainage, but they cannot point to a single mine that is more than a few years old that has not resulted in contamination. Because Acid Mine Drainage often takes several years to develop, recent mines that have not yet contaminated nearby waters do not provide proof that these ores can be mined safely.
Click image to see:
"NORTHEASTERN MINNESOTA'S ARROWHEAD REGION THREATENED BY SULFIDE MINING AND INDUSTRIALIZATION" pamphlet
State Mineral Lease Map
Click on image to enlarge
Click on image below to see larger view of "Minnesota State Mineral Ownership" DNR
*Note - Above is a partial list of those interested in Minnesota's metallic sulfide mineral potential
Click on image to see larger view of the "Duluth Complex" DNR
The Minnesota Regional Copper-Nickel Study
Publisher: Minnesota Environmental Quality Board (EQB) 1976-1979
Click on image to see larger view of Acid Mine Drainage in the Rio Tinto River (Spain)
Click on image to see larger view of Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy's (MCEA) Mineral Exploration Map of Northeastern Minnesota
Click on image to see: USFS Hardrock Mineral Exploration in the Superior National Forest
Duluth Complex of Northeastern Minnesota
Extensive and advanced exploration for copper-nickel sulfide mineralization is occurring throughout Minnesota's Arrowhead Region, as well as other parts of the state. Sulfide mining, if allowed, would threaten Minnesota's waters with toxic heavy metal contamination and Acid Mine Drainage (AMD).
Click on image to see: Western Lake Superior Region: Midcontinent Rift and known Ni-Cu-PGM Sulfide mineralization in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan. Source-USGS
Click on image to see larger view of Midcontinent Rift System
Lick Run Watershed-Pennsylvania Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) EPA
Click on image to see larger view of - Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) from the Buck and Dober Mines pollutes this Michigan river.
Click on image to see larger view of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in Whitewood Creek South Dakota
Click on image to see larger view of Active State Leases in the Duluth Complex
Say No to H.R. 761 - Protect Our Communities and Our Environment!
Tell your Representative to oppose H.R. 761 in its entirety!
Update: September 2013 Go HERE
Rep. Nolan votes with Republicans for special favors bill for big mining!
PolyMet Update November, 2013
The MDNR has said that the release date to the public of PolyMet's NorthMet SDEIS will be December 6
PolyMet Fails - From the Environmental Protection Agency "EPA has determined that PolyMet's NorthMet Project DEIS is; Environmentally Unsatisfactory and Inadequate... our review has identified adverse environmental impacts that are of sufficient magnitude that EPA believes the proposed action must not proceed as proposed."
From the Department of the Interior "The anticipated environmental impacts of the proposed action are not fully and fairly addressed in the DEIS."
TRUST, the documentary
Trust - The Fight for Water & Treaty Rights in the Great Lakes
More Info HERE
For more information on the northern campaign to protect the Arrowhead Region from sulfide mining - Go HERE
Link: SOS AMD Billboard Image
- Take Action -
Stop the Land Exchange!
Would be Harmful to the BWCAW, SUPERIOR NATIONAL FOREST and LAKE SUPERIOR Watershed
Representative Cravaack introduces Special Favors Bill for multinational mining corporations that will allow tens of thousands of acres of Federally protected SUPERIOR NATIONAL FOREST lands to be strip mined!
Will Senators Franken and Klobuchar do the Same?
Just Say NO!Oppose H.R. 5544: Minnesota Education Investment and Employment Act
According to Rep. David Dill, D-Crane Lake, "...we should mine, log, and lease the hell out of that land that we get in the change."
Legislation is a Windfall to Foreign Mining Corporations and would Fast Track Turning Minnesota's Beloved Arrowhead into a Toxic Sulfide Mining District
Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) in a Lake
More Info found HERE
(1) PolyMet (2) Track Record
(3) Projects (4) MN Mining
SLED DOGS TO SAINT PAUL Film Premiere
Frank Moe's Sled Dog's To St. Paul
Sulfide Mining Petitions
Questions Linger in Aftermath of Pagami Creek Fire - By Elanne Palcich
"Both the public and the U.S. Forest Service need to understand how a lightning strike in a bog near Pagami Creek on August 18 turned into a full-scale conflagration on September 12, burning approximately 1/10 of the Boundary Waters." Found HERE
Streamlining Pollution in Minnesota By Elanne Palcich
"On March 3, 2011 Governor Dayton signed into law legislation designed to streamline the environmental review process. This legislation directly fast-tracks proposed copper-nickel mining in Minnesota." Found HERE
Popping the PolyMet Propaganda Pill By Elanne Palcich
"PolyMet, Inc. is a Canadian company with Swiss ties that is currently undergoing environmental review as it seeks permitting to open the first copper-nickel sulfide mine in the state of Minnesota." Found HERE
USFS Halfway Ranger Station Historic District and "K" Lab near Ely -2010 photo
Kawishiwi Demolition: The Pen and the Bulldozer By Elanne Palcich
"The mine plan as presented on the Duluth Metals website puts the entrance to its proposed underground mine precisely in the location of the Kawishiwi Research Station." Read it HERE...
AA! Comment on Northshore Mining’s pit expansion that will unearth sulfide bearing rock! The public comment period ends Monday, August 19, 2013 Go HERE -This comment period is closed-
AA! SOS MINNESOTA WOLVES Stop the hunting & trapping season on wolves! More info HERE
AA! Kawishiwi Building Disposition EA USFS - The Forest Service is proposing to eliminate the historic Kawishiwi Research Station and "K" Lab near Ely and the BWCAW. The destruction of these Superior National Forest cultural and scientific landmarks, would pave the way for the impending sulfide mining projects located near the BWCAW. Comment Period Closed
AA! Federal Hardrock Mineral Prospecting Permit Draft EIS (EIS) - USFS - Broadscale analysis to address FS consent and BLM issuance of federal hardrock mineral prospecting permits and operating plans (present and future). Comment Period Closed
AA! Proposed NorthMet Mining Project and Land Exchange EIS Scoping - The Superior National Forest is currently developing scoping materials for the land exchange portion of the PolyMet Mine Project. There is a 45 day comment period, which was noticed in the Federal Register: October 13, 2010 Comment Period Closed
AA! Send PolyMet To Summer School Action Closed
AA! PolyMet's NorthMet Mine Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) released. Public comment period ends at 4:30 p.m. on Wednesday, February 3, 2010 Comment Period Closed
AA! Support the "Safe Mines To Protect Our Water" Bill. House Bill: HF0916; Senate Companion: SF0845 Bill Has Been Withdrawn
AA! Oppose Rep. Oberstar's HR 4292, Senators Klobuchar and Coleman's S 3411 Superior National Forest Land Adjustment Act of 2007 and 2008 - Has Stalled and Died in Congress
Click on image or HERE to see larger view of Archived Drill Core and Data
MINING MINNESOTA - The purple dots on this image of Minnesota show drill cores, which indicate the extent to which mining companies are planning to conduct metallic sulfide mining operations in the state.
Click on image to see larger view of Map of Mineral Exploration - Northern MN
Click image for Dr. Power's Mining Report
Click on image to see larger view of Mining The Arrowhead
Click on image to see larger view of Superior National Forest Surface and Subsurface Ownership
Save Our Sky Blue Waters is dedicated to protecting the waters, forests, wildlife and ecology of the Arrowhead Region and the Lake Superior basin. Your contributions can help make this possible.